Substance abuse is more common than ever – not just in Orange County, FL, but throughout the country. Thus, the broad availability of detoxification and addiction woodstock treatment center has become critical to public health. While withdrawal symptoms can be terrifying, administering certain medications during detox can greatly relieve many of the worst effects.
According to the American Society of Addiction Medicine, in 2014, there were more than 19,000 opioid painkiller overdose deaths in the United States. Sales of prescription painkillers increased 400% from 1999 to 2010. In 2012 alone, approximately 259 million opioid prescriptions were written for patients.
Medications for opioid painkiller withdrawals commonly include Suboxone, and Naltrexone. These medications smooth the transition from opiate dependence to sobriety. Also, benzodiazepines can be administered to ease anxiety and nervousness.
According to the American Society of Addiction Medicine, in 2014, there were over 10,500 overdose deaths attributed heroin. Also, 4 out of 5 new heroin users reported that they began their addiction after first using/abusing prescription painkillers.
Between 2000-2013, heroin overdose fatalities nearly quadrupled. From 2010-2013, the increase in deaths came at an astonishing rate of 37% per year.
Medications for heroin withdrawals are similar to those of opioid painkillers, because heroin is also an opiate-based drug. Naltrexone is often the go-to drug. either by pill or injection (Vivitrol). It attaches to opioid receptors in the brain but does not produce a high or result in many side effects. In severe cases, however, replacement therapy by way of Suboxone may be required. Anti-anxiety medication (benzodiazepines) may be administered as well.
According to the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, in 2014 over 16 million adults reportedly had an alcohol use disorder. That included over 10 million men and nearly 6 million women.
The NIAAA also reported (2014) that at least 88,000 people die yearly from alcohol-related cause. Drunk driving fatalities reached nearly 10,000, and over 2,200 persons died of alcohol intoxication.
Alcohol withdrawals maybe the most complex to treat. If not treated appropriately, alcohol detoxification can be fatal. Medications to mitigate withdrawal symptoms include naltrexone, which attaches itself to the same receptors in the brain as alcohol but does not produce a high. It is also the same drug used for opioids.
In addition to anti-anxiety medications, anti-seizure medication (anti-convulsants) can be administered to abate the tremors and seizures commonly associated with withdrawal.
24-72 Hours – Delirium tremens
In 2008, The National Survey on Drug Use and Health estimated that were nearly 2 million current cocaine users, 359,000 of which abused crack cocaine. Young adults age 18-25 tend to have the highest rate of use.
Cocaine withdrawals are also a bit different from some other drugs, because cocaine is a stimulant. Helpful medications include anti-depressants, anti-anxiety medications, and medications to control blood pressure (hypertension) which tends to increase dramatically upon withdrawal.
According to the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), in 2012 approximately 1.2 million people reportedly uses methamphetamine in the 2011, and 440,000 reported using it in the 30 days prior to the survey.
Medications used for methamphetamine withdrawal largely consist of anti-depressants and anti-anxiety medications.
Also, beta blockers to lower blood pressure may be administered to treat hypertension often associated with rapid withdrawal.
Medically-managed detox is highly recommended for withdrawal from any psychoactive drug. This means the patient may be supervised in a medical environment 24-7, and symptoms can be monitored and managed as necessary.
Most people in Orange County, FL, who complete a detoxification program then choose to participate in an intensive outpatient or residential inpatient program.
Again, withdrawing from any psychoactive substance without medical monitoring is not recommended. In some cases, withdrawal effects can be fatal. However, for all it is a highly unpleasant experience and may result to severe depression, anxiety, and even feelings of suicide. Many do not successfully make it through the process, and end up relapsing instead.
If you are a substance user, please do not attempt detoxification alone. Please seek woodstock treatment center in a medically-managed environment.
~ G. Nathalee Serrels, M.A., Psychology