Medication-Assisted Detox Hillsborough County New Hampshire

Medication-Assisted Detox Hillsborough County New Hampshire

Addiction to various substances is more common now than ever – not just in Hillsborough County New Hampshire but throughout the United States, Thus, widened availability of detoxification and addiction has become crucial for public health reasons. While withdrawal symptoms can be very scary, rendering certain medications during detox can greatly decrease many of the most unpleasant effects.

Substances and Withdrawal Effects/Treatment

Prescription Painkillers

Medications for narcotic painkiller withdrawals commonly include Suboxone, and Naltrexone. These medications help ease the transition from opiate dependence to sobriety. Also, benzodiazepines can be rendered to alleviate anxiety and nervousness.

Opioid Withdrawal Symptoms

  • Decreased energy/fatigue
  • Irritability and/or agitation
  • Anxiety/nervousness/Panic
  • Insomnia/sleep disturbances
  • Runny nose, watery eyes
  • Hot and cold sweats
  • Muscle aches and pains
  • Abdominal pain, cramps
  • Nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea

Heroin

Medications used for heroin withdrawals are often the same as for opioid painkillers because heroin is also an opioid-based drug. Naltrexone is often used, in either pill or injection form (Vivitrol). It attaches to opioid receptors in the brain but does not induce a high or result in many side effects. In severe cases, however, opioid replacement therapy by way of Suboxone may be necessary. Anti-anxiety medication (benzodiazepines) may be given as well.

Heroin Withdrawal Symptoms Include:

  • Fatigue/lethargy
  • Irritability and/or agitation
  • Anxiety/Panic/Nervousness
  • Insomnia/sleep difficulties
  • Runny nose, watery eyes
  • Hot and cold sensations, sweats
  • Muscle aches and pains
  • Stomach cramps
  • Nausea, vomiting and diarrhea

Alcohol

 

Alcohol withdrawals are among the most complex to treat. If not treated appropriately, alcohol detoxification can be deadly. Medications to alleviate withdrawal symptoms include naltrexone, which attaches itself to the same receptors in the brain as alcohol (as well as opioids) but does not induce a high.

In addition to anti-anxiety medications, anti-seizure medication (anti-convulsants) can be rendered to decrease the tremors and seizures commonly associated with alcohol withdrawal.

Alcohol Withdrawal Symptoms

6-24 Hours

  • Shakiness
  • Sweating
  • Anxiety
  • Nausea, vomiting
  • Headache
  • Insomnia/sleep disturbances
  • Visual/auditory hallucinations

24-72 Hours – Delirium tremens

  • Disorientation, confusion, and severe anxiety
  • Hallucinations which cannot be distinguished from reality
  • Increased sweating
  • Seizures
  • Hypertension
  • Rapid and irregular heartbeat
  • Severe tremors
  • Low-grade fever

Cocaine

Cocaine withdrawals are also a bit different from other popular drugs because cocaine is a stimulant. Medications may include anti-depressants, anti-anxiety medications, and medications to control hypertension.

Cocaine Withdrawal Symptoms

  • Agitation, irritability, restlessness
  • Depression
  • Anxiety/panic
  • Paranoia
  • Fatigue/exhaustion
  • A general feeling of discomfort
  • Increased appetite
  • Vivid and unpleasant dreams
  • Slowing of activity

Methamphetamine

 

Medications administered for methamphetamine withdrawal often consist of anti-depressants and anti-anxiety medications.

Also, beta-blockers to treat hypertension may be rendered.

Meth Withdrawal Symptoms

  • Intense drug cravings
  • Insomnia/Sleep disturbances
  • Shaking and tremors
  • Fever, chills, and increased sweating
  • Nausea, vomiting
  • Hypertension
  • Heart palpitations
  • Respiratory failure
  • Seizures
  • Coma

What to Expect from a Medical Detox Near Hernando County

Medically-managed detox is highly encouraged for withdrawal from any psychoactive drug. This permits the patient to be supervised in a medical environment around the clock, and symptoms can be monitored and treated as necessary.

Most people in Hernando County, FL, who complete a detoxification program then often undergo an intensive outpatient or residential inpatient program.

If you are a substance user, please do not attempt detoxification alone. Withdrawing from a substance alone may result in relapse, or severe depression and suicidal ideations. Please seek center in a medically-managed environment.

Are you or is someone you know a drug addict in Hernando County?

Take the self-test here at the National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence.

~ G. Nathalee Serrels, M.A., Psychology